The Ten Principles of the WrapAround Process

WrapAround and its facilitators help based on the following guiding principles


1. Family Voice & Choice

48URC0M7Y2Family and youth/child perspectives are intentionally elicited and prioritized during all phases of the WrapAround process. Planning is grounded in the individual’s perspectives, and the team strives to provide options and choices such that the plan reflects the individual’s values and preferences.

This principle suggests/affirms that families, as experts of their own situations, should be integral to and have influence over the WrapAround process. The opportunity for success increases substantially when families feel ownership over a plan that addresses their priorities and gives them choice about strategies to meet needs that are most closely aligned with their unique family culture and build on their strengths.

2. Team Based

300202_278021378884560_145703918_nThe WrapAround team consists of individuals agreed upon by the family and who are committed to them through informal, formal, and community support and service relationships.

WrapAround is a collaborative process undertaken by a team. The WrapAround team should be composed of people who have a strong commitment to the family’s well-being. Family members are central to decisions about who to invite to the team.

3. Natural Supports

319235_278019215551443_1411434748_nThe team actively seeks out and encourages the full participation of team members drawn from the family members’ networks of interpersonal and community relationships. The WrapAround plan reflects activities and interventions that draw on sources of natural support.

People who represent sources of natural support often have a high degree of importance and influence within family members’ lives. Such supports may also be able to provide types of support that professional services find difficult to provide. This principle emphasizes the need for the team to intentionally encourage the full participation of natural supports.

4. Collaboration

volunteer-2Team members work cooperatively and share responsibility for developing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating a single WrapAround plan. The plan reflects a blending of team member’s perspectives, mandates, and resources. The plan guides and coordinates each team members’ work towards meeting the team’s goals.

This principle emphasizes that each team member must be committed to the team and the WrapAround plan.

5. Community Based

T294035_278022098884488_1451728047_nhe WrapAround team implements service and support strategies that take place in the most inclusive, most responsive, most accessible, and least restrictive settings possible; and that safely promote child and family integration into home and community life.

This principle describes that the WrapAround team will strive to implement service and support strategies that are accessible to the family within the community where the family chooses to live.

6. Culturally Competent

WBA2DX69OMThe WrapAround process demonstrates respect for and builds on the values, preferences, beliefs, culture, and identity of the child/youth and family, and their community.

7. Individualized

Etapes de la croissance d'une pâquerette, fond natureTo achieve the goals laid out in the WrapAround plan, the team develops and implements a customized set of strategies, supports, and services.

The WrapAround plan is uniquely tailored to fit the family. The WrapAround plan must be designed to build on the particular strengths of family members and on the assets and resources of their community and culture. Individualization results as team members collaboratively create a plan that builds on their collective strengths, creativity and knowledge.

8. Strengths-Based

Screenshot 2015-03-22 17.04.25The WrapAround process and the WrapAround plan identify, build on, and enhance the capabilities, knowledge, skills, and assets of the child and family, their community, and other team members.

WrapAround is intended to achieve outcomes not through a focus on eliminating family members’ deficits, but rather through efforts to utilize and increase their assets. WrapAround seeks to validate, build on and expand family members’ psychological assets, their interpersonal assets and their expertise, skill and knowledge.

9. Persistence

photoDespite challenges, the team persists in working toward the goals included in the WrapAround plan until the team reaches agreement that a formal WrapAround process is no longer required. The WrapAround team is committed to creating and implementing a plan that reflects the WrapAround principles even in the face of limited system capacity. It also recognizes adverse events or outcomes not as a failure by the family, but rather a need to revise the WrapAround plan. This principle emphasizes the notion that teams work until a formal WrapAround process is no longer needed.

10. Outcome Based

10294284_10152029347116576_1274168149731007077_nThe team ties the goals and strategies of the WrapAround plan to observable or measurable indicators of success, monitors progress in terms of these indicators, and revises the plan accordingly. The WrapAround team is accountable for achieving the goals laid out in the plan. Outcomes monitoring allows the team to regularly assess the effectiveness of the plan as a whole and to determine when the plan needs a revision.


Bruns, E.J., Walker, J.S., Adams, J., Miles, P., Osher, T.W., Rast, J., VanDenBerg, J.D. & National Wraparound Initaitive Advisory Group (2004). Ten principles of the wraparound process Portland, OR: National Wraparound Initiative, Research and Training.